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Industrial chain distribution of disposable medical protective equipment industry

Where to Improt disposable medical stuff from China?

Disposable medical protective products are medical textiles made of chemical fibers including polyester, polyamide, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polypropylene, carbon fiber and glass fiber. They are disposable non-woven medical protective products.

These including disposable masks, protective clothing, Scrubs, Lab coats, nurse caps, surgical caps, doctor caps, surgical kits, maternity kits, first aid kits, and other disposable medical consumables series.

Compared with traditional pure cotton woven medical textiles, medical non-woven fabrics have the characteristics of high filtration of bacteria and dust, low surgical infection rate, convenient disinfection and sterilization, and easy compounding with other materials.

As disposable products, medical nonwoven products are convenient to use, safe and hygienic, and can effectively prevent bacterial infections and iatrogenic cross-infections.

Industrial Chain of disposable medical protective products

The upstream and downstream of the disposable medical protective equipment industry differs depending on the specific product, which is mainly manifested in the difference of upstream raw materials.

For example, the main raw materials of medical masks are meltblown cloth, non-woven fabrics, polypropylene, nose strips and other raw materials; the main materials of medical protective clothing are polyolefin and PTFE: there are many types of medical protective clothing materials, mainly including polypropylene spunbonded fabric, New polyester fiber and wood pulp composite spunlace cloth, SMS non-woven fabric, polymer coated fabric, breathable film/non-woven fabric composite cloth; the main raw materials of medical protective gloves are nitrile latex, PVC paste resin, and plasticizer , Viscosity reducer and a variety of auxiliary materials and additives.

The middle reaches of the industrial chain are the production of various disposable medical protective products, mainly including disposable masks, protective clothing, scrubs, isolation gowns, laboratory Coats, nurse caps, surgical caps, doctor caps, surgical kits, maternity kits, first aid kits, etc.

The downstream is the application of disposable medical protective products, which are mainly used in the medical industry, chemical industry, hairdressing and beauty industry, and daily family room care.

The upstream analysis of the disposable medical protective equipment industry chain

1. Melt blown cloth

Melt-blown cloth is the core material of the mask. The melt-blown cloth is mainly made of polypropylene, and the fiber diameter can reach 1 to 5 microns. Melt-blown cloth can be used in the fields of air, liquid filter materials, isolation materials, absorbent materials, mask materials, thermal insulation materials, oil-absorbing materials, and wipe cloths.

Melt-blown cloth is mainly made of polypropylene, and the fiber diameter can reach 1 to 5 microns. There are many voids, fluffy structures, and good anti-wrinkle ability. These ultra-fine fibers with a unique capillary structure increase the number and surface area of fibers per unit area. The melt-blown cloth has good filtration, shielding, heat insulation, and oil absorption.

The difference between meltblown fabric and non-woven fabric
Melt-blown cloth market size

On March 8, 2020, the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council introduced that in the face of the blowout demand for the core material of masks, the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council has guided and promoted relevant central enterprises to accelerate the construction of production lines, put into production as soon as possible, and expand the supply of melt-blown cloth in the epidemic. Prevention and control provide protection. According to the statistics of the China Industrial Textile Industry Association, the annual output of various non-woven fabrics in my country reached 5.932 million tons in 2018, an increase of 196.31% over 2008. According to my country’s melt-blown non-woven fabrics accounting for 0.9% of non-woven fabric production, the output of my country’s melt-blown non-woven fabrics in 2018 is about 53,400 tons.

Meltblown cloth enterprise structure

Compared with multinational companies, although some domestic melt blown cloth manufacturers have certain scale, they have also achieved some gratifying research results in independent research and development and product quality. But in general, the business model is still small and fragmented, with low industry concentration and low level of specialization; companies are scattered in various industries and groups, with backward technology, inefficient equipment, and small scale of production, and they cannot form a complete System and strong overall competitiveness. At present, my country’s melt blown cloth companies are mainly distributed in Anhui, Guangdong and Shandong, and the three provinces melt blown cloth companies account for more than 70% of the country.

2. Non-woven fabric

Non-woven fabrics are composed of oriented or random fibers. It is called cloth because of its appearance and certain properties. Non-woven fabric has the characteristics of moisture-proof, breathable, flexible, lightweight, non-combustible, easy to decompose, non-toxic and non-irritating, rich in color, low price, and recyclable. For example, polypropylene (PP material) pellets are mostly used as raw materials, which are produced by the continuous one-step method of high-temperature melting, spinning, laying, and hot-pressing coiling.

China is the world's largest producer and consumer of nonwovens

In recent years, based on the advantages of nonwoven production technology and product performance, the nonwoven industry has developed rapidly in my country. At present, China has become the world’s largest producer and consumer of nonwovens. According to the China Industrial Textile Industry Association statistics, the production process of China’s nonwoven fabric industry is mainly spun-bonded. In 2018, the output of spun-bonded nonwovens was 2.971 million tons, accounting for 50.09% of the total output of nonwovens. Mainly used in sanitary materials and other fields; followed by acupuncture technology accounted for 22.96%, spunlace technology accounted for 10.83%, chemical bonding technology accounted for 6.61%, thermal bonding technology accounted for 5.43%, air-laid technology accounted for The ratio is 2.51%, the melt-blown process accounts for 0.90%, and the wet process accounts for 0.66%.

Non-woven fabric market size

From the perspective of non-woven fabric output, my country’s non-woven fabric has shown exponential growth in the early stage of industry development. From 1978 to 1997, the annual output of non-woven fabric in my country has doubled by nearly 100 times. Since entering the 21st century, my country’s nonwoven production has maintained a growth trend. After the 2008 financial crisis, my country’s nonwoven production has continued to increase year by year. In 2018, my country’s annual output of various nonwovens reached 5.932 million tons, an increase of 196.31% compared to 2008. The compound annual growth rate reached 11.47%. In terms of application fields, the current application of nonwovens focuses on the penetration of high-tech and the use of new materials. They are widely used in construction, automobiles, clothing, sanitary materials, aerospace, environmental protection and other industries, especially in the sanitary materials market. The demand is gradually expanding, and the automotive textiles, footwear and artificial leather markets are also showing a new atmosphere. With its high added value and high efficiency competitive advantages, non-wovens have great potential in the industry. China Commercial Industry Research Institute predicts that by 2024, my country’s non-woven fabric output is expected to exceed 8 million tons.

Layout of non-woven fabric industry base

At present, my country has six non-woven fabric production bases, which are located in Changyuan City, Henan Province, Xiantao City, Hubei Province, Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province, Zibo City, Shandong Province, Yizheng City, Jiangsu Province, and Nanhai District, Guangdong Province. Among them, Xiantao City, Hubei Province, the hardest hit area of the epidemic, is the capital of non-woven fabrics in my country. It is reported that Xiantao City, Hubei Province has 1,011 non-woven fabrics and their products enterprises, of which 103 are above designated size, with more than 100,000 employees. It accounts for 60% of the non-woven product market share in China.

In addition, Nanhai District of Guangdong Province is a demonstration base for non-woven products for medical and health use in China. The demonstration base is located in Jiujiang Town, Nanhai District, with a total planned area of about 3.32 million square meters. The northern part is divided into four areas: material production area, finished product production area, high-end industrial area and logistics warehouse distribution area. The medical and health non-woven fabric demonstration base will be built into an industrial gathering base with an annual output value of more than 20 billion yuan.

3. Polypropylene

Polypropylene (PP for short) is a semi-crystalline thermoplastic. Polypropylene is a polymer formed by the addition polymerization of propylene. It is a white waxy material with a transparent and light appearance, high impact resistance, and strong mechanical properties. It is widely used and is one of the world’s top five synthetic resins and a very common polymer material. From the downstream side of the industry, polypropylene is widely used in plastic weaving, medical, packaging, automotive and other fields.

In recent years, my country’s polypropylene supply capacity has been significantly improved. Data shows: In 2016, my country’s polypropylene production capacity was about 20.36 million tons per year, and in 2019 it has increased to 24.6 million tons, and the industry’s production capacity has grown rapidly. From the perspective of raw material supply, thanks to the technological advancement of the coal chemical industry and coal-to-olefins, coal-based PP has grown rapidly, and the production capacity of PP using coal-based propylene as raw materials has reached about 6.54 million tons. In the context of the unstable and rising crude oil prices, it is expected that among the production capacity put into operation in the next few years, the proportion of coal-based routes will still be relatively high, and the proportion of its production capacity will continue to expand. In 2020, my country’s polypropylene production capacity will increase. Breakthrough 26 million tons.

From the perspective of production, thanks to continuous breakthroughs, mature production technology, and rapid growth in downstream demand, China’s polypropylene production has maintained a steady growth, and the operating rate has also remained high. my country’s polypropylene production has increased from 1,770 in 2016. Ten thousand tons has grown to 22.35 million tons in 2019. Although the newly put into production capacity in 2019 has brought certain supply pressure, it still cannot meet market demand well. According to the forecast of the China Commercial Industry Research Institute, my country’s polypropylene production in 2020 will be close to 24 million tons.

Analysis of the midstream of the disposable medical protective equipment industry chain

Under the influence of the new crown epidemic, the demand for medical protective products represented by masks, protective clothing and medical disinfectants has surged. During this period, many companies began to cross-border related products to make up for their insufficient production capacity. The article analyzes its market size with masks, protective clothing and medical gloves as examples:

1. Masks

According to data from the National Development and Reform Commission, as of February 29, 2020, including ordinary masks, medical masks, and medical N95 masks, masks’ national daily production capacity reached 110 million, and the daily output reached 116 million, respectively. 5.2 times and 12 times, further alleviating the contradiction between supply and demand of masks. Among them, the daily production capacity of medical N95 masks reached 1.96 million and 1.66 million respectively, effectively solving the protection needs of front-line medical staff.

Judging from the data on the output value of masks in mainland China, the output value of the mask industry has maintained a trend of rapid and stable growth, with an average annual growth rate of more than 10%. The new crown epidemic has greatly promoted the growth of the output value of China’s mask industry. According to forecasts, the output value of masks in the mainland is expected to exceed 225 billion yuan in 2020. According to the data in 2019, medical masks accounted for more than half of all types of masks, reaching 54%. iiMedia Consulting analysts believe that in 2020, the output value of medical masks in mainland China will increase significantly. The proportion will exceed 94%.

Mask business layout

According to data from the China Business Industry Research Institute, an industrial big data organization, there are currently 559 medical mask licenses distributed in 353 companies in 25 provinces and cities across the country. Medical mask companies are mainly concentrated in Henan, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Hubei, Guangdong and other provinces. Among them, the number of medical mask companies in Henan Province exceeds 100 at most.

2. Protective clothing

n recent years, the market size of China’s personal protective equipment industry has shown a steady growth trend before the spread of the epidemic. From 2014 to 2019, the market size of China’s personal protective equipment market (in terms of terminal sales) increased from 54.25 billion yuan to 87.37 billion yuan, with a compound annual growth rate of 10.0%. At the beginning of 2020, China’s personal protective equipment industry experienced product out-of-sales and price hikes in the short term of the outbreak, which quickly boosted the market size and growth rate. The estimated scale is close to 100 billion yuan. With the spread of the epidemic, a gap in supply and demand has emerged, and the industry’s growth rate has increased significantly. However, after the epidemic has not stabilized, the tight supply and demand situation will ease, and the market size and growth rate will fall back to the previous stable level.

Corporate Layout of Protective Clothing

According to data from the State Food and Drug Administration: As of February 6, 2020, the total number of approvals for medical protective clothing products in my country is 48, involving 43 manufacturers. my country’s medical protective clothing product companies are mainly concentrated in central China, mainly Henan and Hubei. The total number of approved companies in the region is 21, accounting for 48.8% of the total number of qualified companies in the country; the total number of approved companies in East China is 12, accounting for the total number 27.9%.

Among them, Henan Province is the main gathering area of my country’s medical protective clothing manufacturers, with 15 regional companies, 5 approved companies in Hubei Province, 4 approved medical protective clothing companies in Anhui Province, and Shandong medical protective clothing. The number of approved enterprises is 3, and the number of approved medical protective clothing enterprises in Jiangxi, Hebei, Tianjin, and Guangdong is only 2.

3. Disposable protective gloves

Disposable protective gloves are used to protect hands from injury. In the medical field, it is mainly used for medical inspection and isolation protection. There are mainly medical examination gloves, sterile medical gloves, and medical X-ray protective gloves. Disposable health protection gloves can be divided into nitrile gloves, PVC gloves, latex gloves and PE gloves according to different materials. According to the quality level and use, they can be divided into medical grade and non-medical grade. Medical grade gloves refer to the medical market of the target country. Products with quality certification system or access standards are mainly used in medical operations, medical examinations, medical care and other fields.

Disposable protective gloves market size

In our country, with the continuous progress of our economy and the stimulation of special events such as SARS, H1N1, and new crown pneumonia, people’s consumption concepts and consumption habits are constantly changing. The demand for disposable gloves will develop rapidly in the next few years. . According to the data released by the Ministry of Health, if it is only used in the medical industry, according to the data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s health technicians reached 10.1 million in 2019. According to the estimation of the proportion of more than 60% of foreign medical industry personnel consuming protective gloves, People consume 6 gloves every day, and the demand in 2019 reached 13.271 billion. Under the impact of the new crown virus pneumonia epidemic, the demand for protective gloves by medical staff and the public has skyrocketed. At the same time, after this epidemic, personal health protection awareness will be raised, and the disposable gloves market has huge potential.

Enterprise layout of disposable protective gloves

According to the data from Tianyan Check, there are currently about 114,000 companies in my country that can produce gloves. In terms of regional distribution, Zhejiang Province is the largest province for glove production in my country, with more than 35,000 related companies; followed by Guangdong, Shandong, Jiangsu, and Hebei. However, these glove-producing companies generally have a relatively short time and scale. The data from Tianyan Check shows that more than 66% of glove manufacturers in my country have been established within 5 years, and most of them have registered capitals of less than 2 million yuan.

Downstream analysis of disposable medical protective products industry chain

1. Medical industry

The largest application field of disposable medical protective equipment can be regarded as the medical industry. Masks, protective clothing, disposable medical gloves, etc. are mainly used by medical and health personnel, concentrated in hospitals, clinics, and physical examination centers. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, at the end of 2019, there were 1.014 million medical and health institutions nationwide, including 34,000 hospitals, 12,000 public hospitals, 22,000 private hospitals, and 96,000 primary medical and health institutions, of which There are 36,000 township health centers, 35,000 community health service centers (stations), 267,000 outpatient departments (stations), 621,000 village clinics; 17,000 professional public health institutions, including 3456 centers for disease prevention and control. There are 3,106 health inspection centers (centers). In the future, with the continuous growth of medical and health institutions, the demand for disposable medical protective products will also increase, which will greatly promote the development of the disposable medical protective products industry.

2. Hairdressing industry

As the growth of the disposable income of Chinese residents stimulates consumption desire, the proportion of enjoyment consumption continues to increase. In China, the beauty and hairdressing industry has become the fifth largest consumption hotspot of residents after real estate, automobiles, tourism, and communications, and the industry is in a period of steady growth. Data show that in 2019, there were 27 million employees in my country’s beauty and hairdressing industry, and it is expected that the number of employees in 2020 will exceed 30 million.

Data show that since 2015, the market size of China’s medical beauty industry has been growing at a rapid rate. Now China has become the world’s third largest medical beauty market. It is estimated that by 2020, the size of China’s medical beauty industry will reach 315 billion yuan. Although the medical beauty industry started relatively late in China, China’s huge population base and strong consumption power have promoted the medical beauty industry to show its vitality in China. In the future, as the employee population and market size continue to expand in the beauty and hairdressing industry, the demand for disposable protective products in the industry will also expand.

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